When asking the question, "how much weight can a horse carry?" you often hear a response similar to "it depends on the breed of the horse, its conditioning and conformation, how far and how long you will be traveling, the horse's bone structure, the type of weight the horse will carry (for example live [rider] or dead weight [gear]), weight distribution" and so on. So with this sound advice from your fellow horsemen, surely you now have a much better idea of how much weight your horse can carry. No? Of course not. Though your colleagues are correct in stating all the above factors, you are still left in the dark without any guideline on how much weight a horse can carry. Can my horse only carry 80 pounds, or is he capable of carrying 300 pounds?
Fortunately some very smart horsemen over the years have come up with a few methods for us to calculate a starting point to help determine how much weight a horse can carry. One very simple guide is to take the horse's weight and divide by six to give you the total weight, including rider and tack, the horse can carry. Given this, a 1200 pound horse could carry up to 200 pounds.
Another quick and popular method is to use the 20% rule. You take 20% of your horse's body weight and the result is the amount of total weight your horse can carry. For example, a 1,000 pound horse should easily carry 200 pounds of rider and tack. The 20% rule typically applies to competitive or otherwise "hard" riding. For pleasure riding, many use a 30% rule, so this 1,000 pound horse could carry 300 pounds for shorter pleasure rides.
Measuring a horse's cannon bone is used by some in determining the approximate weight a horse can carry. A measurement is taken around the circumference of the foreleg, just below the knee. Add together the weight of the horse plus the rider and tack, and divide this sum by the cannon bone circumference measurement. Then divide that result by two. A number between 75 and 85 is good. If the number is over 85, you probably need a larger horse. Using this method, I measure the circumference of the horse's cannon bone and get 7.5 inches. The body weight of the horse is 1,150 pounds and the rider and gear weigh 235 pounds for a total combined weight of 1,350 pounds. Divide 1,350 (total combined weight) by 7.5 (cannon bone) and I get roughly 185. Divide 185 in half and my final resulting number is 93. Using this calculating method, I either need to lighten my gear or get a larger horse to get the number down to around 85.
Some horse and rider guidelines where carrying weight is concerned:
- Pick a horse with bigger cannon bones, wider loins, shorter back
- Avoid using heaving saddles and only carry necessary gear
- Make sure the horse is conditioned for the type of riding you doing
- Keep proper riding posture and balance
- Give the horse a break on longer rides - get off a while and let your horse rest
- Avoid riding in areas where footing is not desirable - such as mud, deep sand, asphalt
- Avoid letting the horse trot or canter
The maximum weight a horse can safely carry does vary by the breed of the horse and how hard it's worked. There is no absolute rule about how much weight a horse can carry, but generally speaking the lighter-framed the horse the less he can carry. A well conditioned horse or a stout horse can generally carry more. Some breeds are bred to carry heavier weights like the Quarter Horse, Arabian or Icelandic Pony. Riders with good balance also make weight load less of a problem.
If you are looking at being familiar with horses for novices or are searching for the first equine, then this information is for you personally. This short article talks about the kinds of stuff you should search for when searching for a beginners equine.
Horses require lots of maintenance. If you feel you can easily turn your equine to grass inside a area and never be worried about it, you're wrong. Horses must have their ft trimmed and could need shoeing with respect to the work load they are doing. Like people, they have to have exercise, or they are able to get in poor condition and grow body fat. Some horses can eat a lot that they founder, meaning their ft hurt a lot they're not able just to walk. Horses which have a inclination to achieve weight should put on a grazing muzzle when switched to grass, to avoid overeating. Ponies are specifically vulnerable to founder. Horses have to be checked every single day to make certain they aren't sick or hurt. Should you board your equine in a boarding facility, your equine is generally checked every day, which will help if you cannot continually be there to do-it-yourself.
What You Can Do
The horse's quantity of training as well as your ability really are a large consideration when searching for a equine for novices. For those who have no riding experience, it is advisable to obtain a properly trained quiet equine. These horses are occasionally known as schoolmasters. What this means is they are fully aware their job. They're good horses for novices to understand on, particularly if you locate one that's very forgiving. A equine using this type of temperament is simple going and does not get upset when beginners do things wrong.
You will find an array of prices associated with horses. Fancy, fancy show horses may cost 1000's of dollars, whereas horses which are less fancy could be more moderately listed. The quantity of training a equine has also affects its cost. For instance, if your equine is youthful and it has some training, it won't be expensive. Regrettably, horses with little training aren't good beginners horses. A equine that's between six to eight years of age and it has good training is generally more costly. These horses have been in their prime. A equine that's older than 10 or 12 years of age usually is properly trained, but health insurance and the health of the horse's joints is really a consideration. It's not uncommon for older horses to possess joint disease. Older horses are often great beginner horses, however they might have more connected vet expenses because of how old they are.
Selecting Your Equine
It's beneficial to possess someone experienced opt for you when you're selecting the first equine. It's best for those who have a trainer, who won't provide you with training once you purchase a equine, but assist you to select a equine that'll be suitable for you. Before purchasing a equine, it's also wise to get it examined by an equine vet. It is really an extremely important step that you won't want to skip! The price of the vet check will rely on how thorough the examination is and just how many tests you have carried out. A veterinarian let you know your options, but it's always smart to get x-sun rays from the horses legs and joints. It's not uncommon to locate a problem with nearly any equine throughout a vet check, but it's your decision to determine what you're prepared to accept. For instance, you might not care that the equine has joint disease in the hocks and can't jump, if you're only going for doing things for trail riding.
Purchasing versus. Leasing
You do not always need to purchase another equine. You might also need a choice of leasing one. You will find lot of different lease plans available including half rents and free rents. Having a free lease, it's not necessary to spend the money for owner to make use of the equine. Within this arrangement you have the effect of the horse's care and living plans. Having a half lease you can utilize the equine a couple of days per week, as the owner or another person uses the equine another area of the week. Should you choose choose to a lease a equine, make certain you've got a written agreement, which means you know who accounts for all the expenses associated with the equine, like vet or farrier (blacksmith) bills.
As you can tell, there's a great deal to consider when having your first equine. Before you decide to jump right into a purchase or perhaps a lease arrangement, make certain you perform a large amount of research first, so you receive a equine that's suitable for your individual needs.